Metoclopramide is an oral medication taken by patients to treat specific conditions of their intestines and stomach. Basically, it’s a short-term treatment for ongoing heartburn when standard drugs don’t work effectively. This medicine is also used by some diabetic patients if they have poor gastroparesis, and it works by blocking dopamine and speeding up the movement of upper intestines and stomach emptying. Sometimes, doctors prescribe Metoclopramide to prevent vomiting and nausea caused by radiation cancer treatments and chemotherapy.
How to Undergo This Treatment
You need to take Metoclopramide orally about 30 minutes before regular meals or at bedtime. Most patients use it 4 times a day, and their regular doses are based on basic factors, such as their medical conditions, body weight, etc. If heartburn happens only at certain times, doctors direct their patients to take only one dose to reduce their risk of having unwanted side effects. Besides, your treatment shouldn’t be longer than 12 weeks, because if Metoclopramide is taken in high doses or for a long period of time, you risk ending up with such withdrawal symptoms as headaches, dizziness and nervousness.
Potential Side Effects
There are specific negative symptoms caused by this medicine, including:
Unusual tiredness and drowsiness;
Difficulty sleeping and dizziness;
Headaches and agitation;
Diarrhea and allergies.
However, these side effects are mild and rare, but if any of them persist, you should call your doctor at once. Metoclopramide is associated with the following rare and severe side effects:
Mood and mental changes;
Muscle spasms and uncontrolled muscle movements;
Reduced sexual ability and abnormal breast milk production;
Inability to keep still or need to pace;
Swelling of feet and hands;
Tender or enlarged breasts;
Changes in menstruation in female patients;
Tremors and muscle stiffness;
Mask-like facial expressions;
Fever and increased sweating.
These symptoms often require immediate medical attention, so you should stop taking Metoclopramide and go to the hospital.
Before starting this therapy, you should inform doctors about any possible allergies to this drug, hypertension, diabetes, breast cancer, stomach bleeding, blockage in the intestines, kidney issues, mood and mental conditions, heart failure, liver diseases, seizures, blood enzyme ailments, etc. When taking Metoclopramide, you need to avoid drinking alcohol and control blood sugar levels. Older adults and children may be more sensitive to its side effects, especially muscle spasms and drowsiness.
Finally, Metoclopramide shouldn’t be taken with specific medications because of possible drug interactions. Don’t combine it with dopamine antagonists, tranquilizers, MAO inhibitors, anticholinergic pills, narcotic pain killers, antipsychotics and so on.