Glucotrol XL is a medicine taken in the right combination with healthy diet plans and exercise programs to control blood sugar levels in patients with diabetes. Sometimes, it’s prescribed with other diabetes meds, because this treatment helps people prevent such health risks as blindness, kidney damage, nerve issues, sexual function problems and loss of limbs. It’s necessary to control diabetes to reduce the risk of strokes and heart attacks. Basically, Glucotrol XL belongs to a group of meds called sulfonylureas, and it works by lowering blood sugar levels, because its intake forces the human body to release natural insulin.
How to Use This Medication
Patients should take Glucotrol XL orally with their breakfast once a day. Their regular doses must be based on individual response and medical condition, and they need to start this treatment with lower doses to prevent the risk of side effects. This medicine should be taken regularly and at the same time every day to get its full benefit.
Unwanted Side Effects
There are some mild side effects caused by the use of Glucotrol XL, including:
Diarrhea and loss of appetite;
Vomiting and nausea;
Upset stomach and constipation;
Headaches and gas;
Sudden weight gain and allergies.
Most of them are mild, but if they worsen, you should call your physician. In very rare cases patients may end up with severe side effects, such as:
Signs of new infections and stomach pain;
Easy bruising and bleeding;
Yellow skin and eyes;
Seizures and dark urine;
Mood and mental changes;
Unusual weakness and tiredness;
Swelling feet and hands.
They all require immediate medical help, and Glucotrol XL may also result in hypoglycemia when patients don’t consume enough calories or do heavy exercises. So, if you experience such symptoms as shaking, increased sweating, blurred vision and hunger, go to the hospital.
Basic Glucotrol XL Contraindications
Before starting this treatment, it’s advisable to tell your physician about other serious health problems that you have, including allergic reactions, liver and kidney conditions, thyroid diseases, hormonal imbalances, hyponatremia, intestine and stomach issues, etc. Patients may have drowsiness, dizziness and blurred vision because of low and high blood sugar levels, so they shouldn’t drive or do anything else that requires full alertness. They also need to limit alcoholic beverages and avoid prolonged exposure to direct sunlight.
In addition, there are certain drug interactions associated with the intake of Glucotrol XL. That’s why you shouldn’t combine it with such medications as beta-blockers, colesevelam and others. Consult your doctors regularly, because you may need to adjust exercise programs, diet plans and doses. Bring a full list of other pills that you’re taking, including herbal supplements, vitamins and minerals, prescription and non-prescription drugs.