In 1998, Citalopram was approved by the FDA for treatment of major depression. This drug is also prescribed off-label for treatment of a range of other conditions like anxiety disorder, panic attacks, etc. Over the years, Citalopram has shown high effectiveness in the treatment of different mental disorders. For instance, its effectiveness in treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has reached 85%.
Citalopram is a drug that belongs to SSRIs. Mainly, it is used as an antidepressant to treat depression. In the UK and several European countries, this medication is used for treatment of panic disorder. The drug is often used off-label to get rid of panic disorder, anxiety, premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). It has also been proven to be effective in reduction of symptoms of diabetic neuropathy.
Citalopram can be used in the treatment of migraines, but in order to reach the best results, it is recommended to use combination therapy. This medication can also be prescribed for the treatment of hot flashes. Usually, it takes 4 or more weeks to to have your symptoms improve.
Citalopram dose depends on many factors, including health condition, age, type of a disorder, etc. Only your healthcare provider can determine the right dose for a particular patient. The initial recommended dosage for depression treatment is 20 mg to take orally once a day. The dose may be increased up to 40 mg a day. It should be done gradually and only if this is recommended by a healthcare provider.
Warnings and Precautions
Citalopram is not suitable for people with certain health problems or conditions, including the following:
Pregnancy or breastfeeding;
Kidney, liver or heart problems;
Treatment with ECT;
Allergic reactions to this medication;
Taking MAOI within the last two weeks or some other medications.
The following are the common side effects that may occur after taking Citalopram:
Problems with appetite;
Weight loss or gain;
Citalopram is able to interact with 1042 different medications with 373 major interactions. The use of the following drugs should be avoided if Citalopram is prescribed:
Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol);
Xanax (alprazolam) and others.
Consult your healthcare provider before you start using any drug along with Citalopram.