Chloramphenicol is used by patients to treat different bacterial eye infections because this medication belongs to a class of drugs called antibiotics, and it works by stopping the growth of harmful bacteria. People shouldn’t take it to treat other infections, because it won’t be effective. Besides, its misuse or overuse will only lead to reduced effectiveness in the future. Sometimes, doctors may prescribe it to treat specific ear infections, but only if they are bacterial.
Guidelines on How to Take Chloramphenicol
Before using this medication, keep in mind that it may lead to serious blood disorders, such as aplastic anemia. Once you notice such symptoms as persistent sore throat, easy bleeding and bruising, unusual tiredness and fever, you need to go to the hospital immediately. To apply Chloramphenicol properly, it’s necessary to wash your hands first. It’s not allowed to wear contact lenses while using this medication. When using the eye drops form of Chloramphenicol, you should use it 2-6 times a day according to the directions given by doctors. It’s advisable to take this medicine regularly to get the most out of this treatment. Remember that stopping it too early may lead to the growth of bacteria and return of your infection.
Side Effects Caused by Chloramphenicol
This medication may cause some unwanted symptoms, both mild and serious, but the great news is that they are rare. For example, a few patients may report such side effects as the following:
Stinging and burning;
Temporary blurred vision and redness.
If any of these signs worsen or cause a lot of discomfort, you need to call your physician and stop taking this medication. Besides, there are some unlikely adverse effects associated with its use, including:
Sudden vision changes or problems;
Allergic reactions to its components (skin rash, swelling, difficulty breathing and others).
Important Precautions and Contraindications
Before you start taking Chloramphenicol, you need to tell doctors everything about your medical history, especially if you have any allergies and such health conditions as different eye infections caused by any virus, liver and kidney problems, radiation therapy, anemia and so on. After using this medication, your vision can be blurred, but this symptom passes over time. It’s not advisable to drive or do other things that require your full attention, because Chloramphenicol can make you feel dizzy, so you won’t be able to complete these tasks safely. During breastfeeding or pregnancy its intake is allowed only when this treatment is clearly needed.
Finally, when it comes to possible drug interactions, you need to make a list of all the other products that you’re taking, including prescription and over-the-counter pills, because some of them may interact with Chloramphenicol. Show it to your doctor to avoid the risk of having any health complications resulted by contraindicated drugs.